Dr. Banoo Coyaji always believed that medical science must benefit not just the urban population, but also the rural community. In the late 1960s, she realized the need to take quality medical care to rural areas and from this idea the Vadu Hospital was born. This hospital services 22 villages and a population of about 100,000. Today, the Vadu Hospital is a rural based first referral centre that provides medical and health services to an underprivileged rural population in the Shirur block of Pune. The hospital was built and equipped, thanks to the magnanimous help of the Shamdasani Foundation. The hospital at Vadu conducts high quality studies with a mission to provide evidence based sustainable and rational health care solutions for rural populations, using globally relevant community based ethical research. Collaborators include the Indian Council of Medical Research, National Institute of Virology, and eminent international organisations like the CDC Atlanta, Johns Hopkins Institute and Imperial College, London.